Census of Population and Housing 1961-1966: Journey to work tables

What are the 1961-1966 Census journey to work tables?

Dimensions of the data sets

1966 Census publications

Record structure

Details of Classifications

Download an .rtf version of the documents related to the Journey to work tables

What are the 1961-1966 Census journey to work tables?

Journey to work data were initially generated from the 1961 Census for use in the 1964 Transportation Study undertaken by the Melbourne Metropolitan Board of Works. This data was required to determine the existing and potential patterns of movement of people from their place of residence to work, their industry and their occupation, for projections of future need for new transport routes and the upgrading of existing routes. Journey to work tables were subsequently created from the 1966 Census for Melbourne and Sydney, and for a wider range of journey-to-work study areas in all later censuses. Unfortunately, not all of the tables generated from the 1961 and 1996 censuses have survived.

The 1961 journey to work tables were based on a 20 per cent sample of the total workforce of the Melbourne study area, this area being defined by an idea of the Local Government Areas (LGAs) that could be defined as a metropolitan built-up area (it was not until 1966 that an actual Melbourne Statistical Division boundary was drawn). The two tables show the occupation and industry classification respectively of movements from each origin LGA to each destination LGA.

The 1966 Census tables for Melbourne use the full census and are based on origin and destination zones which combine to form LGAs. Tables give sex by white collar/blue collar occupation by industry and sex by occupation classifications of movements from each origin zone to each destination zone and aggregations of these movements to LGA and Sector totals.

The comparable 1966 Census tables for Sydney are incomplete due to tape damage, but partial files giving complete coverage of movements from certain areas have been retained.

Between 1961 and 1966, changes in the census questions used to identify the workforce resulted in an increase in the Australian workforce of approximately 2.3 per cent, the major factor being the increase in the count of females working part-time (sometimes for only a few hours a week).

Dimensions of data sets

The 1961 Census journey to work tables for Melbourne comprise 2 files, each of 2,592 records, where each record represents the movements of a 20% sample of the workforce from one of 48 origin LGAs to one of 54 destination LGAs. Data from these tables should be multiplied by 5 to obtain estimates for the total workforce.

  1. origin LGA x destination LGA x industry -
    2592 physical records, 199,584 bytes
  2. origin LGA x destination LGA x occupation -
    2592 physical records, 160,704 bytes

The 1966 Census journey to work tables for Melbourne comprise 2 files, each of 24,709 logical records, where each record represents the movements of the workforce from an origin zone, LGA or Sector to one of 159 destination zones. For each of the 152 origin zones, 53 LGAs and 5 Sectors, a record showing the total number of movements to all destination zones is also included. These latter totals are also included in a separate file (of 210 logical records).

  1. origin zone x destination zone x sex x white/blue collar occupation x industry -
    24,709 logical records comprising 18 records of 80 characters
    444,762 physical records, 35,382,646 bytes.

    210 logical records of totals comprising 18 records of 80 characters
    3780 physical records, 300,510 bytes.
  2. origin zone x destination zone x sex x occupation -
    24,709 logical records comprising 11 records of 80 characters
    271,799 physical records, 20,384,283 bytes.

    210 logical records of totals comprising 11 records of 80 characters
    2310 physical records, 173,040 bytes.

The 1966 Census journey to work tables for Sydney comprise 2 files, each of 29,392 logical records, where each record represents the movements of the workforce from one origin zone, LGA or Total to one of 171 destination zones. For each of the 166 origin zones, 40 LGAs and 3 Totals, a record showing the total number of movements to all destination zones is also included. These latter totals are also included in a separate file (of 209 logical records).

However, due to tape damage, some records have been lost from each file. The number of missing records, and their location in the file, is indicated below.

  1. origin zone x destination zone x sex x white/blue collar occupation x industry -
    21,530 logical records comprising 18 records of 80 characters
    387,540 physical records, 30,830,812 bytes.
    (7862 logical records missing from start of file covering origin zones from City of Sydney to Drummoyne - see CODEBOOK for complete list of missing LGAs)

    148 logical records of totals comprising 18 records of 80 characters
    2664 physical records, 211,492 bytes.
    (61 logical records missing from start of file as above).
  2. origin zone x destination zone x sex x occupation -
    21,768 logical records comprising 11 records of 80 characters
    239,448 physical records, 17,963,286 bytes.
    (7624 logical records missing covering origin zones from Fairfield to Mosman - see CODEBOOK for complete list of missing LGAs)

    160 logical records of totals comprising 11 records of 80 characters
    1760 physical records, 131,568 bytes.
    (49 logical records missing from file as above).

1966 Census publications

The 1966 Census publication programme is made up of five individual Volumes, four consisting of a number of separate Parts, together with a series of supplementary statements in mimeographed form. The content of each Volume is briefly as follows:

Volume 1. Single characteristics of the population for Australia, Parts 1-11. - Age, marital status, birthplace, nationality, period of residence, education, religion, occupational status industry, occupation, and race.

Volume 2. Related characteristics of the population for Australia, Parts 1-5. - Growth and distribution of the population, demographic data, overseas-born population, the work force, and families and households.

Volume 3. Housing

Volume 4. Single characteristics of the population and dwellings in Local Government Areas, Parts 1-7. - New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, and Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.

Volume 5. Population and dwellings in localities, Parts 1-7. - States and Territories as for Volume 4, and Part 8. - Australia.

CODEBOOK

Record Structure

A description of the tables and the record format is given below. In all tables the slower moving variable is given first.

1961 Census - Melbourne journey to work by industry

1961 Census - Melbourne journey to work by occupation

1966 Census - Melbourne/Sydney journey to work by industry

1966 Census - Melbourne/Sydney journey to work by occupation

Details of Classifications

1961 Census - Melbourne - Origin LGA code

1	Altona			29	Kew
2	Berwick			30	(Not used)
3	Box Hill		31	Lillydale
4	Brighton		32	Malvern
5	Broadmeadows		33	Melbourne
6	Brunswick		34	(Not used)
7	Bulla			35	Moorabin
8	Camberwell		36	Mordialloc
9	Caulfield		37	(Not used)
10	Chelsea			38	Northcote
11	Coburg			39	Nunawading
12	Collingwood		40	Oakleigh
13	Cranbourne		41	Port Melbourne
14	Croydon			42	Prahran
15	Dandenong		43	Preston
16	(Not used)		44	Richmond
17	Doncaster & Templestowe	45	Ringwood
18	Eltham			46	St Kilda
19	Essendon		47	Sandringham
20	Fitzroy			48	Ferntree Gully
21	(Not used)		49	South Melbourne
22	Footscray		50	Springvale
23	Frankston		51	Sunshine
24	(Not used)		52	Waverley
25	Hawthorn		53	Werribee
26	(Not used)		54	Whittlesea
27	Heidelberg		55	Williamtown
28	Keilor
1961 Census - Melbourne - Destination LGA code

As for the Origin LGA code with the following additional codes

0	Melbourne Central Business District
555	Building and Construction workers
666	Itinerant workers
777	Waterside workers
888	Destination outside the study area
999	Not stated/unknown

1961 Census - Melbourne - Industry group tally

Gives the number of persons in the workforce in each of the following industry groups:

A	Primary production
B	Mining and Quarrying
C	Manufacturing
D	Electricity, Gas, Water and Sanitary Services 
        (Production, Supply and Maintenance)
E	Building and Construction
F	Transport and Storage
G	Communication
H	Finance and Property
I	Commerce
J	Public Authority (n.e.i) and Defence Services
K	Community and Business Services (including Professional)
L	Amusement, Hotels and other Accommodation, Cafes, 
        Personal Services, etc
M	Other Industries
N	Industry inadequately described or not stated

1961 Census - Melbourne - Occupation group tally

Gives the number of persons in the workforce in each of the following occupation groups:

0	Professional, Technical and related workers
1	Administrative, Executive and Managerial workers
2	Clerical workers
3	Sales workers
4	Farmers, Fishermen, Hunters, Timbergetters and related workers
5	Miners, Quarrymen and related workers
6	Workers in Transport and Communication occupations
7/8	Craftsmen, Production-process workers and 
        Labourers not elsewhere classified
9	Service, Sport and Recreation workers
10	Members of Armed Services, Enlisted Personnel
11	Occupation inadequately described or not stated

1966 Census - Melbourne - Record type

0	Origin Zone record
1	Minor level total - LGA record
2	Major level total - Melbourne Sector

1966 Census - Melbourne - Origin zone/area serial number

An integer serial number allocated in sequence to origin zones, minor level totals, major level totals and grand total.

In Melbourne, the numbers range from 1 - 211, missing 10. See 1966 Census - Melbourne - Origin zone code.

1966 Census - Melbourne - Destination zone serial number

An integer serial number allocated in sequence to destination zones, or equal to 999 for a total of all destination zones.

In Melbourne, the numbers range from 1 - 159. See

1966 Census - Melbourne - Major Level Name

In Melbourne, a 16 character alphabetic field giving the Sector name:

CENTRAL SECTOR
WESTERN SECTOR
NORTHERN SECTOR
EASTERN SECTOR
SOUTHERN SECTOR

1966 Census - Melbourne - LGA Name

In Melbourne, a 16 character alphabetic field giving the name of the Local Government Area (LGA) (Record Type=0 or 1) or TOTAL for Sector totals (Record Type=2). See 1966 Census - Melbourne - Origin zone code.

1966 Census - Melbourne - Origin zone code

A 16 character alphanumeric field of the form:

ORIGIN ZONE XXXX where XXXX is a numeric origin zone code if Record type = 0.

For other record types, the numeric origin zone code is 0, and ORIGIN ZONE is replaced by TOTAL (Record type 1) or is left blank (Record type 2,3).

The following table lists the origin zone codes and their corresponding serial numbers by LGA and Sector in origin zone/area serial number order, reflecting the order of records in the data file. Thus records for origin zone serial numbers 1-8 add to give the minor total for the LGA of Melbourne (serial number 9) movements to each destination zone, and LGA records add to give the major level total Sector movements.

Note that serial number 10 (corresponding to origin zone code 011) is not included, presumably because no members of the workforce were resident in that zone. The LGAs of Eltham, Ringwood, Croydon and Brighton each correspond to a single Origin Zone and the serial number is not incremented, although record types 0 (origin zone) and 1 (LGA) are included in the data file for each area. Selection of record type 0 only will therefore include all movements, categorised by origin zone, while selection of record type 1 only will give the same number of total movements, categorised by LGA of origin.

Origin zone	LGA/Sector		Origin zone
serial number	(serial number)		code
1-8		Melbourne (9)			001-008
11		Port Melbourne (12)		012
13-14		South Melbourne (15)		015,018
16-17		Richmond (18)			023,024
19-20		Collingwood (21)		025,026
22-23		Fitzroy (24)			027,031
		CENTRAL SECTOR (25)
26-29		Williamstown (30)		032-034, 193
31-34		Footscray (35)			035-038
36-37		Altona (38)			064,065
39-43		Werribee (44)			125,126,163-165
45-50		Sunshine (51)			066-071
52-53		Melton (54)			166,167
		WESTERN SECTOR (55)
56-57		Essendon (58)			039,040
59-60		Brunswick (61)			041,042
62-65		Northcote (66)			043-046
67-69		Coburg (70)			084-086
71-75		Preston (76)			087-091
77-80		Keilor (81)			072-075
82-85		Broadmeadows (86)		078-081
87-93		Whittlesea (94)			129-134,172
95-100		Bulla (101)			127,128,168-171
		NORTHERN SECTOR (102)
103-106		Heidelberg (107)		092-094,161
108-109		Diamond Valley (110)		096,162
111		Eltham (111)			097
112-113		Kew (114)			047,048
115-116		Hawthorn (117)			049,050
118-120		Camberwell (121)		053-055
122-123		Doncaster & Templestowe (124)	098,099
125-126		Box Hill (127)			100,103
128-129		Nunawading (130)		104,105
131		Ringwood (131)			135
132		Croydon (132)			153
133-135		Lillydale (136)			150-152
137-138		Sherbrooke (139)		156,157
140-141		Knox (142)			154,155
		EASTERN SECTOR (143)
144-145		St Kilda (146)			019,020
147-148		Prahran (149)			021,022
150-152		Malvern (153)			058-060
154-155		Caulfield (156)			061,062
157		Brighton (157)			063
158-159		Sandringham (160)		121,122
161-162		Mordialloc (163)		123,124
164-165		Chelsea (166)			144,145
167-168		Frankston (169)			146,147
170-172		Oakleigh (173)			110,113,114
174-179		Moorabbin (180)			115-120
181-184		Waverley (185)			106-109
186-187		Dandenong (188)			138,141
189-191		Springvale (192)		142,143,194
193-194		Berwick (195)			158,159
196-200		Cranbourne (201)		160,182-185
202-205		Hastings (206)			186-189
207-209		Mornington (210)		190-192
		SOUTHERN SECTOR (211)

1966 Census - Melbourne - Destination zone code

An 8 character alphanumeric field of the form:

ZONEXXXX where XXXX is a numeric destination zone code or

TOTAL if totaled over all destination zones - ie the destination zone serial number=999

The following table lists the destination zone codes and their corresponding serial numbers by LGA. Destination zone serial numbers are simply allocated sequentially from 1-159 to the destination zone codes in ascending order.

Destination zone				Destination
serial number	LGA				zone code
148-157		Melbourne - CBD			201-210
1-8		Melbourne - balance of LGA	002-007,009,010
9-11		Port Melbourne			011,013,014
12-14		South Melbourne			016-018
19-20		Richmond			023,024
21-22		Collingwood			025,026
23-26		Fitzroy				028-031

27-29		Williamstown			032-034
30-33		Footscray			035-038
57-58		Altona				064,065
113-114		Werribee			125,126
59-64		Sunshine			066-071

34-35		Essendon			039,040
36-37		Brunswick			041,042
38-41		Northcote			043-046
75-77		Coburg				084-086
78-82		Preston				087-091
65-69		Keilor				072-074,076,077
70-74		Broadmeadows			078-080,082,083
117-122		Whittlesea			129-134
115-116		Bulla				127,128

83-85,146	Heidelberg			092-094,161
86,147		Diamond Valley			096,162
87		Eltham				097
42-43		Kew				047,048
44-46		Hawthorn			049,051,052
47-50		Camberwell			053,054,056,057
88-89		Doncaster & Templestowe		098,099
90-92		Box Hill			101-103
93-94		Nunawading			104,105
123-124		Ringwood			136,137
138		Croydon				153
135-137		Lillydale			150-152
141-142		Sherbrooke			156,157
139-140		Knox				154,155

15-16		St Kilda			019,020
17-18		Prahran				021,022
51-53		Malvern				058-060
54-55		Caulfield			061,062
56		Brighton			063
109-110		Sandringham			121,122
111-112		Mordialloc			123,124
130-131		Chelsea				144,145
132-134		Frankston			146,148,149
99-102		Oakleigh			111-114
103-108		Moorabbin			115-120
95-98		Waverley			106-109
125-127		Dandenong			139-141
128-129		Springvale			142,143
143-144		Berwick				158,159
145		Cranbourne			160

158		Not stated			990
159		Outside study area		995

Destination zone code 210 (Flinders Street Railway Station) has proved to be a problem, with 29,994 workers allocated when local knowledge indicates that between 1500 and 1800 people work in this area. It is thought that this zone could have included -

  • people of unknown destination within the Melbourne LGA;
  • employees of the Victorian Railways V.R. located on the West side;
  • employees of the Victorian Railways employed in Flinders St station;
  • train crews passing through the Flinders St railway station.

More generally, where a multi-locational firm, with several branches dotted throughout the metropolitan area, had a clearly defined headquarters, the employees of the firm were coded to that headquarters location. The destination patterns of some workers could be, therefore, quite different from that indicated.

1966 Census - Sydney - Record type

0	Origin Zone record
1	Minor level total - LGA record
2	Major level total - Sydney subtotal record
3	Grand total record
1966 Census - Sydney - Origin zone/area serial number

An integer serial number allocated in sequence to origin zones, minor level totals, major level totals and grand total.

In Sydney, the numbers range from 1-209. See 1966 Census - Sydney - Origin zone code.

1966 Census - Sydney - Destination zone serial number

An integer serial number allocated in sequence to destination zones, or equal to 999 for a total of all destination zones.

In Sydney, the numbers range from 1-171. See 1966 Census - Sydney - Destination zone code .

The records with this value equal to 999 showing total movements from each origin zone, LGA and Sector to all destination zones have been copied to create separate files of the total workforce by area.

1966 Census - Sydney - Major Level Name

In Sydney, it is blank except for some residual origin zones defined by the Field Organisation Branch (numbers 191-207 and their total, number 208) where it contains:

CENSUS USE ONLY

1966 Census - Sydney - LGA Name

In Sydney, a 16 character alphabetic field giving the name of the Local Government Area (LGA) (Record type=0 or 1) or:

FIELD ORG BRANCH for residual origin zones (origin zone serial numbers=191-207),

TOTAL if Record type=2 (origin zone serial numbers 190 and 208), or

GRAND TOTAL if Record type=3 (origin zone serial number 209). See 1966 Census - Sydney - Origin zone code .

1966 Census - Sydney - Origin zone code

A 16 character alphanumeric field of the form:

ORIGIN ZONE XXXX where XXXX is a numeric origin zone code if Record type = 0.

For other record types, the numeric origin zone code is 0, and ORIGIN ZONE is replaced by TOTAL (Record type 1) or is left blank (Record type 2,3).

The following table lists the origin zone codes and their corresponding serial numbers by LGA and Sector in origin zone/area serial number order, reflecting the order of records in the data file. Thus records for origin zone serial numbers 1-27 total to give the LGA of City of Sydney (serial number 28) movements to each destination zone.

Note that Kogarah, Camden, Campbelltown, Baulkham Hills, Windsor, Hunters Hill and Mosman each correspond to a single Origin Zone and only the LGA total is included (ie Record type=1 is included and there is no corresponding Record type=0). Similarly, the additional origin zones records added at the end of the file by the Census Field Organisation Branch have Record type=1.

Origin zone	LGA/Sector			Origin zone
serial number	(serial number)			code
1-27		City of Sydney (28)		000-011,100-114
29-32		Woollahra (33)			201-203
34-37		Waverley (38)			210-214
39-41		Randwick (42)			220,221,229
43-44		Botany (45)			230,231
46-51		Marrickville (52)		300-305
53-57		Leichhardt (58)			310-314
59-61		Drummoyne (62)			320-322
63-66		Ashfield (67)			330-333
68-71		Burwood (72)			340-343
73-77		Strathfield (78	)		350-354
79-81		Concord (82)			360-362
83-85		Rockdale (86)			400,401,404
		Kogarah (87)			410
88-89		Hurstville (90)			420,421
91-92		Sutherland (93)			430,431
94-97		Canterbury (98)			500-503
99-108		Bankstown (109)			510-519
110-112		Holroyd (113)			600-602
114-117		Fairfield (118)			611-614
119-120		Liverpool (121)			620,621
		Camden (122)			630
		Campbelltown (123)		640
124-127		Auburn (128)			700-702,704
129-135		Parramatta (136)		710-716
		Baulkham Hills (137)		720
138-143		Blacktown (144)			730-732,734-736
145-148		Penrith (149)			740-743
		Blue Mountains (150)		750
		Windsor (151)			760
152-154		Ryde (155)			810-812
		Hunter's Hill (156)		820
157-161		North Sydney (162)		900-904
		Mosman (163)			910
164-166		Lane Cove (167)			920-922
168-172		Willoughby (173)		930-935
174-176		Ku-ring-gai (177)		940-942
178-179		Hornsby (180)			950-951
181-182		Manly (183)			970-971
184-188		Warringah (189)			980-984
		TOTAL (190)
		CENSUS USE ONLY (191-207)	985-999,000,001
		TOTAL (208)	
		GRAND TOTAL (209)

1966 Census - Sydney - Destination zone code

An 8 character alphanumeric field of the form:

ZONEXXXX where XXXX is a numeric destination zone code or

TOTAL if totaled over all destination zones - ie the destination zone serial number=999

In all LGAs other than City of Sydney, destination zone codes and origin zone codes are identical. In City of Sydney, origin zone codes 000, 002, 004-008 have been subdivided into destination zones as follows:

Origin zone		  Destination
code	     LGA	  zone code
000	City of Sydney    091,092
002	City of Sydney	  021,022
004	City of Sydney	  041,042
005	City of Sydney	  051-054
006	City of Sydney	  060-063
007	City of Sydney	  071-073
008	City of Sydney	  081,082

Destination zone serial numbers are simply allocated sequentially from 1-171 to the destination zone codes in ascending order, as follows:

Destination zone			Destination
serial number		LGA		zone code
1 		City of Sydney		001
2					003
3-5					009-011
6,7					021,022
8,9					041,042
10-13					51-54
14-17					60-63
18-20					71-73
21,22					81,82
23,24					91,92
25-39					100-114
115-169		Woollahra to Warringah	200-984
	    (see Sydney - origin zone code)

170		Not stated		990
171		Outside study area	995
1966 Census - Melbourne/Sydney - Sex x White/blue collar x industry tally

Gives the number of persons in the workforce in each category in the order

  • male, white collar, industry categories 1-67
  • male, blue collar, industry categories 1-67
  • female, white collar, industry categories 1-67
  • female, blue collar, industry categories 1-67.

White collar workers are defined on the basis of the major occupation categories to include:

Group 0: Professional Technical and related workers
Group 1: Administrative, Executive and Managerial workers
Group 2: Clerical workers
Group 3: Sales workers

Blue collar workers include:

Group 4: Farmers, Fisherman, Hunters, Timbergetters and related workers
Group 5: Miners, Quarrymen and related workers
Group 6: Workers in Transport and Communication occupations
Group 7/8: Craftsmen, Production-process workers and Labourers n.e.c
Group 9: Service, Sport and Recreation workers
Group 10: Members of Armed Services, Enlisted Personnel
Group 11: Inadequately described or not stated

Industry categories 1-67 are based on the 1966 Census Classification of Industries

.

1966 Census - Melbourne/Sydney - Sex x occupation tally

Gives the number of persons in the workforce in each category in the order

  • male, occupation categories 1-74
  • female, occupation categories 1-74

Occupation categories 1-74 are based on the 1966 Census Classification of Occupations. A listing of the Census Classification of Occupation codes corresponding to each of the 74 categories is given below. The Classification of Occupation codes and the corresponding occupation titles are shown in the following table.

    Occupation codes    Category

	001-009  	   01
	013-017 	   02
	020-022 	   03
	025-026 	   04
	030		   05
	035-040 	   06
	045-050 	   07
	055-056 	   08
	060		   09
	065-068 	   10
	070-072 	   11
	075-082 	   12
	100-106 	   13
	110-118 	   14
	l50 		   15
	155 		   16
	162 		   17
	160, 161, 163	   18
	200 		   19
	201 		   20
	205 		   21
	210-214 	   22
	300-316 	   23
	320-329 	   24
	335 		   25
	340 		   26
	345-349 	   27
	355-356 	   28
	400-411 	   29
	420-421 	   30
	425		   31
	500-501 	   32
	505 		   33
	510 		   34
	515-616 	   35
	520-524 	   36
	530 		   37
	535-539 	   38
	545-548 	   39
	555-557 	   40
	560-561 	   41
	600-606 	   42
	609-617 	   43
	621-624 	   44
	627-631 	   45
	636-639 	   46
	642-656 	   47
	659-665 	   48
	668-672 	   49
	675-684		   50
	687-688 	   51
	691-698 	   52
	703-708 	   53
	711-717 	   54
	720-727 	   55
	735-736 	   56
	739		   57
	743-750 	   58
	754		   59
	757-763 	   60
	766-768 	   61
	772-785 	   62
	800-802 	   63
	805-811 	   64
	815-816 	   65
	820-821 	   66
	825 		   67
	830 		   68
	835 		   69
	840 		   70
	845 		   71
	850-852 	   72
	855		   73
	860		   74

1966 Census Classification of Industries
Code Numbers Industry Group and Sub-group Category
000-079 A. PRIMARY PRODUCTION
000-009 Fishing 1
010-019 Hunting and Trapping 2
020-060 Rural Industries 3
070-079 Forestry 4

080-092 B. MINING AND QUARRYING
080-091 Mining (including Open cut Mining) 5
092 Quarrying 6

100-470 C. MANUFACTURING
100-109 Manufacture relating to cement, Bricks, Glass and Stone 7
110-119 Manufacture of Products of Petroleum and Coal (excluding Chemical and Gas Works) 8
120-199 Founding, Engineering and Metalworking 9
200 209 Manufacture, Assembly and Repair of Ships, Vehicles, Parts and Accessories 10
210-239 Manufacture of Yarns, Textiles and Articles thereof (excluding Clothing and Furnishing Drapery) 11
240-249 Manufacture of Clothing and Knitted Goods (including Needleworking) 12
250-259 Manufacture of Boots, Shoes and Accessories (other than Rubber or Plastic)
251
13
250,259
14
260-340 Manufacture of Food, Drink and Tobacco 15
350-359 Sawmilling and Manufacture of Wood Products (other than Furniture) 16
360-369 Manufacture of Furniture and Fittings (other than Metal), Bedding and Furnishing Drapery 17
370-386 Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products, Printing, Packaging, Bookbinding and Photography 18
390-409 Manufacture of Chemicals, Dyes, Explosives, Paints and Non-Mineral Oils 19
410-412 Manufacture of Jewellery, Watchmaking, Electroplating and Minting 20
420-429 Preparation of Skins and Leather; Manufacture of Goods of Leather and Leather Substitutes (other than Clothing or Footwear) 21
430-431 Manufacture of Rubber Goods 22
440-442 Manufacture of Musical, Surgical and Scientific Instruments and Apparatus 23
450 Manufacture of Plastic Products (n.e.i.) 24
460-469 Other Manufacturing 25
470 Manufacturing Undefined 26

480-491 D. ELECTRICITY, GAS, WATER AND SANITARY SERVICES (PRODUCTION, SUPPLY AND MAINTENANCE)
480-481 Gas and Electricity 27
490-491 Water Supply, Sewerage, etc. 28

500-519 E. BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION
500 Construction and Repair of Buildings 29
510- 519 Construction Works (other than Buildings) 30

F. TRANSPORT AND STORAGE
520-529 Road Transport
521
31
520,522-529
32
530-539 Shipping 33
540 Loading and Discharging Vessels 34
550,551 Rail and Air Transport 35
552 Other Transport 36
560 Storage 37

570-579 G. COMMUNICATION 38

580 609 H. FINANCE AND PROPERTY
580 Banking 39
590-591 Insurance 40
600-609 Other Finance and Property 41

610-649 I. COMMERCE
610-6l9 Wholesale Trade 42
620 Livestock and Primary Produce Dealing, etc. 43
630-649 Retail Trade
630-632
44
633-639
45
640-642
46
643
47
649
48

(Industry category 49 is not used and has a 0 tally) 49

650-679 J. PUBL1C AUTHORITY (N.E.I.) AND DEFENCE SERVICES
650-652 Public Authority Activities (n.e.i.) 50
660-669 Defence: Enlisted Personnel 51
670-679 Defence: Civilian Employees 52

680-749 K. COMMUNITY AND BUSINESS SERVICES (INCLUDING PROFESSIONAL)
680-689 Law, Order and Public Safety 53
690-699 Religion and Social Welfare 54
700-729 Health, Hospitals, etc. 55
730-739 Education 56
740-749 Other Community and Business Services (including Professional) 57

750-799 L. AMUSEMENT, HOTELS AND OTHER ACCOMMODATION, CAFES, PERSONAL SERVICE, ETC.
750-769 Amusement, Sport and Recreation 58
770 Private Domestic Service 59
780-789 Hotels, Boarding Houses and Other Accommodation and Restaurants
780
60
783
61
781-782,784-789
62
790-799 Other Personal Services
790
63
791
64
792-799
65

800 M. OTHER INDUSTRlES 66

810 N. INDUSTRY INADEQUATELY DESCRIBED OR NOT STATED 67

1966 Census Classification of Occupations

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS NOTE:

N.E.C. - NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
S. P. S. - STATE PUBLIC SERVICE
C. P. S.- CIVILIAN PUBLIC SERVICE
L.G. - LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Code Numbers	Occupation

001.	 	ARCHITECTS
002. 		CIVIL ENGINEERS
003. 		ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS
004. 		MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
005. 		CHEMICAL ENGINEERS
006. 		METALLURGISTS
007. 		MINING ENGINEERS
008. 		PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS, N.E.C.
009. 		SURVEYORS

013. 		CHEMISTS (NOT PHARMACISTS)
014. 		PHYSICISTS
015. 		GEOLOGISTS
016. 		METEOROLOGISTS
017. 		PHYSICAL SCIENTISTS, N.E.C

020.	 	VETERINARIANS
021. 		BIOLOGICAL SCIENTISTS, N.E.C
022. 		AGRONOMISTS, ETC.

025. 		MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS
026.	 	DENTISTS

030.	 	NURSES - CERTIFIED
031. 		NURSES - TRAINEE
032. 		NURSES, N.E.C.

035.	 	PHARMACISTS
036. 		OPTOMETRISTS
037. 		PHYSIOTHERAPISTS
038. 		X-RAY OPERATORS
039. 		CHIROPODISTS
040.	 	DIETICIANS
041. 		PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL WORKERS, N.E.C. 	

045.	 	UNIVERSITY TEACHERS 
046. 		PRE-SCHOOL TEACHERS 
047. 		GOVERNMENT SCHOOL TEACHERS 
048. 		NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOL TEACHERS 
049. 		TRAINEE TEACHERS 
050. 		TEACHERS, N.E.C. 	

055. 		CLERGYMEN
056. 		RELIGIOUS WORKERS, N.E.C. 	

060.	 	LAW PROFESSIONALS

065. 		CREATIVE ARTISTS
066. 		WRITERS, JOURNALISTS 
067. 		MUSICIANS
068. 		ENTERTAINERS

070.	 	DRAFTSMEN, TRACERS
071. 		TECHNICIANS, N.E.C.
072. 		LABORATORY ASSISTANTS 

075. 		ACCOUNTANTS, AUDITORS 
076. 		SOCIAL WORKERS
077. 		LIBRARIANS
078. 		ECONOMISTS, STATISTICIANS 
079. 		PERSONNEL SPECIALISTS
080. 		OTHER PROFESSIONAL TECHNICAL WORKERS 

100.	 	ADMINISTRATORS. 	C P.S.
101. 		AMINISTRATORS, S.P.S.
102. 		AMINISTRATORS, L.G.
103. 		OVERSEAS OFFICIALS
104. 		INSPECTORS, C.P.S.
105. 		INSPECTORS, S.P.S.
106. 		INSPECTORS, L.G.

110. 		MANAGERS, MANUFACTURING
111. 		MANAGERS, CONSTRUCTION
112. 		MANAGERS, TRANSPORT, ETC.
113. 		MANAGERS, FINANCE
114. 		MANAGERS, COMMERCE
115. 		MANAGERS, PERSONAL SERVICES
116. 		MANAGERS, RURAL SERVICES
117. 		MANAGERS, BUSINESS SERVICES
118. 		MANAGERS, OTHER

150.	 	BOOK-KEEPERS, CASHIERS

155.	 	STENOGRAPHERS, TYPISTS

160. 		OFFICE MACHINE OPERATORS
161. 		CLERICAL ASSISTANTS
162. 		CLERKS, BANKING
163. 		CLERKS, INSURANCE
164. 		CLERKS, LAW
165. 		CLERKS, POSTAL
166. 		CLERKS, SHIPPING
167. 		CLERKS, WAGES; TIME-KEEPER
168. 		PUBLIC SERVANTS, C.P_S.
169. 		PUBLIC SERVANTS, S.P.S.
170. 		PUBLIC SERVANTS, L.G.
171. 		RECEPTIONISTS
172. 		CLERKS, N.E.C.

200. 		INSURANCE SALESMEN
201. 		REAL ESTATE SALESMEN

205. 		COMMERCIAL TRAVELLERS

210. 		SHOP PROPRIETORS, N.E.C.
211. 		SHOP ASSISTANTS, N.E.C.
212. 		STREET VENDORS
213. 		SERVICE STATION ATTENDANTS
214. 		SALESMEN, N.E.C.

300. 		WHEAT FARMERS
301. 		SUGAR CANE GROWERS
302. 		FRUIT GROWERS, NOT GRAPE
303. 		GRAPE GROWERS
304. 		MARKET GARDENERS
305. 		TOBACCO GROWERS
306. 		COTTON GROWERS
307. 		RICE GROWERS
308. 		GRAZIERS
309. 		DAIRY FARMERS
310. 		PIG FARMERS
311. 		POULTRY FARMERS
312. 		BEEKEEPERS
313. 		WHEAT AND SHEEP FARMERS
314. 		FARMERS, MIXED
315. 		NURSERY GARDENERS
316. 		FARMERS, MANAGERS, N.E.C.

320. 		WHEAT FARM WORKERS
321. 		SUGAR FARM WORKERS
322. 		FRUIT GBOWING WORKERS
323. 		VEGETABLE GROWING WORKERS
324. 		STATION HANDS, GRAZING
325. 		SHEARERS
326. 		DAIRY FARM WORKERS
327. 		GARDENERS
328. 		GROUND-, GREEN-KEEPERS
329. 		FARM WORKERS, N.E.C.

335. 		WOOL CLASSERS

340. 		HUNTERS, TRAPPERS

345. 		FISHERMEN
346. 		WHALERS
347. 		PEARLERS
348. 		OYSTER FARMERS
349. 		FISHING WORKERS, N.E.C.

355. 		AXEMEN, TIMBER GETTERS
356. 		FORESTRY WORKERS, N.E.C.

400. 		MINERS, N.E.C.
401. 		COAL MINERS
402. 		METALLIFEROUS MINERS
403. 		MINERS, OTHER
404. 		QUARRYMEN
405. 		PROSPECTORS
406. 		MACHINEMEN
407. 		LOADERMEN
408. 		TIMBERMEN
409. 		DEPUTIES
410. 		SHIFTMEN
411. 		WHEELERS, CLIPPERS, ETC
412. 		LABOURERS, MINING
413. 		MINING OCCUPATION, N.E.C.

420. 		WELL DRILLERS, ETC. 0IL
421. 		WELL DRILLERS, ETC. WATER

425. 		MINERAL TREATERS

500. 		DECK OFFICERS, PILOTS (SHIP)
501. 		ENGINEER OFFICERS, (SHIP)

505. 		SAILORS, BOATMEN

510. 		AIRCRAFT PILOTS, ETC.

515. 		DRIVERS, RAILWAY
516. 		FIREMEN, RAILWAY

520. 		TRAM, BUS DRIVERS
521. 		CAR, TAXI DRIVERS
522. 		TRUCK DRIVERS, DELIVERYMEN
523. 		MAIL CONTRACTORS
524. 		ROAD TRANSPORT DRIVERS

530. 		GUARDS, CONDUCTORS, (RAILWAY)

535. 		STATIONMASTERS, RAILWAY
536. 		SUPERVISORS, TRANSPORT
537. 		RAILWAY PORTERS
538. 		RAILWAY SHUNTERS
539. 		TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS

545. 		TELEPHONISTS
546. 		TELEGRAPHISTS
547. 		TELEPRINTER OPERATORS
548. 		RADIO COMMUNICATIONS OPERATORS

555. 		POSTMASTERS
556. 		POSTMEN, POSTAL OFFICERS
557. 		MESSENGERS, N.E.C.

560. 		TRAM BUS CONDUCTORS
561. 		TRANSPORT WORKERS, N.E.C.

600. 		FIBRE PREPARERS
601. 		SPINNERS, WINDERS (TEXTILES)
602. 		WEAVERS
603. 		KNITTERS, MACHINE SETTERS
604. 		BLEACHERS, DYERS
605. 		TEXTILE FACTORY WORKERS
606. 		TEXTILE PRODUCT MAKERS

609. 		TAILORS
610. 		DRESSMAKERS
611. 		OTHER GARMENT MAKERS
612. 		FURRIERS
613. 		MILLINERS
614. 		UPHOLSTERERS
615. 		CUTTERS (TEXTILES)
616. 		MACHINISTS, TEXTILES
617. 		CLOTHING FACTORY WORKERS
618. 		APPAREL WORKERS, N.E.C

621. 		SHOEMAKERS, NOT FACTORY
622. 		SHOE FACTORY WORKERS
623. 		LEATHER GOODS FACTORY WORKERS
624. 		LEATHER GOODS MAKERs, N.E.C.

627. 		FURNACEMEN, METAL
628. 		ANNEALERS, TEMPERERS
629. 		ROLLING MILL OPERATIVES
630. 		METAL DRAVERS, EXTRUDERS
631. 		BLACKSMITHS, FORGEMEN
632. 		MOULDERS, COREMAKERS
633. 		METAL MAKING WORKERS, N.E.C.

636. 		CLOCK, WATCH MAKERS
637. 		OPTICAL INSTRUMENT MAKERS
638. 		PRECISION INSTRUMENT MAKERS
639. 		JEWELLERS

642. 		PITTERS, TURNERS
643. 		TOOLMAKERS, DIEMAKERS
644. 		MACHINE TOOL SETTERS
645. 		VEHICLE BODY BUILDERS
646. 		MOTOR MECHANICS
647. 		AIRCRAFT MECHANICS
648. 		SHEETMETAL WORKERS
649. 		PLUMBERS, PIPE FITTERS
650. 		WELDERS, FLAME CUTTERS
651. 		BOILERMAKERS
652. 		ELECTRO-, DIP-PLATERS
653. 		ENGINEERS, N.E.C. (NOT PROFESSIONALS)
654. 		MECHANICS, N.E.C.
655. 		FOREMAN, METAL WORKING
656. 		METAL WORKERS, N.E.C.

659. 		ELECTRICIANS
660. 		ELECTRICAL FITTERS
661. 		RADIO, T.V., RADAR MECHANICS
662. 		TELECOMMUNICATIONS TECHNICIANS
663. 		LINEMEN, CABLE JOINERS 
664. 		FOREMEN (ELECTRICAL), N.E.C. 		
665. 		ELECTRICAL WORKERS, N.E.C. 		

668. 		PROCESS WORKERS, METAL, ELECTRIC 
669. 		FACTORY WORKERS, METAL, ELECTRIC 
670. 		IRON, METAL WORKERS 
671. 		TRADESMEN'S ASSISTANTS 
672. 		CHECKERS, EXAMINERS 

675. 		CARPENTERS, JOINERS 
676. 		CABINET MAKERS 
677. 		SAWYERS, WOOD MACHINISTS 
678. 		PATTERNMAKERS, FOUNDRY 
679. 		FURNITURE POLISHERS 
680. 		WOODEN BOX, CASE, MAKERS 
681. 		SAW-, TIMBER-MILL WORKERS 
682. 		WOOD FACTORY WORKERS, N.E.C. 		
683. 		WOOD TBADESMEN'S ASSTS. 		
684. 		WOODWORKERS, N.E.C.

687. 		PAINTERS, DECORATORS
688. 		PAINTERS, N.E.C.

691. 		BRICKLAYERS, STONEMASONS
692. 		PLASTERERS
693. 		CEMENT FINISHERS
694. 		INSULATION APPLIERS
695. 		GLAZIERS
696. 		TILERS, CERAMIC, CEMENT
697. 		FOREMEN, CONSTRUCTION
698. 		BUILDERS' LABOURERS
699. 		BUILDING TRADESMEN'S ASSISTANTS
700. 		CONSTRUCTION WORKERS, N.E.C.

703. 		COMPOSITORS, TYPE SETTERS
704. 		PRINTERS, MACHINISTS
705. 		STEREO-, ELECTRO-TYPERS
706. 		ENGRAVERS
707. 		BOOKBINDERS
708. 		PRINTING WORKERS, N.E.C.

711. 		GLASS FORMERS, FINISHERS
712. 		POTTERS, CLAY FORMERS
713. 		KILNMEN, FURNACEMEN (GLASS)
714. 		DECORATORS, GLASS, CERAMICS
715. 		BRICKYARD, POTTERY WORKERS
716. 		GLASS FACTORY WORKERS
717. 		GLASS, CERAMICS WORKERS

720. 		MILLERS
721. 		BAKERS, PASTRY COOKS
722. 		CONFECTIONERY MAKERS
723. 		BREWERS, WINEMAKERS
724. 		MEAT PRESERVING WORKERS
725. 		FRUIT, VEGETABLE PRESERVING WORKERS
726. 		JAM, PICKLES, SAUCE MAKERS
727. 		FISH PRESERVING WORKERS
728. 		FOODSTUFF FREEZERS
729. 		BUTCHERS, MEAT CUTTERS
730. 		DAIRY PRODUCT PROCESS WORKERS
731. 		FOOD PROCESS FACTORY WORKERS
732. 		FOOD PROCESS WORKERS, N.E.C.

735. 		CHEMICAL PROCESS WORKERS
736. 		PAPER, PAPER BOARD MAKERS

739. 		TOBACCO PROCESS WORKERS

742. 		BASKET WICKER WORKERS
743. 		RUBBER PRODUCT YORKERS
744. 		PLASTIC PRODUCT WORKERS
745. 		TANNERS, FELLMONGERS
746. 		PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS WORKERS
747. 		MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKERS
748. 		STONE CUTTERS, CARVERS
749. 		PAPER PRODUCT MAKERS
750. 		CRAFTSMEN, PROCESS WORKERS, N.E.C.
751. 		FOREMEN, PROCESS, N.E.C

754. 		PACKERS, LABELLERS

757. 		STATIONARY ENGINE DRIVERS
758. 		BOILER FIREMEN
759. 		CRANE, HOIST OPERATORS
760. 		RIGGERS, CABLE SPLICERS
761. 		EARTH MOVING MACHINE OPERATORS
762. 		HANDLING EQUIPMENT OPERATORS
763. 		OILERS, MACHINERY (NOT SHIP)

766. 		WATERSIDE WORKERS
767. 		TRANSPORT DRIVERS' ASSISTANTS
768. 		STOREMEN, PACKERS
769. 		FREIGHT HANDLERS, N.E.C.

772. 		LABOURERS, FETTLERS (RAILWAY)
773. 		BOILER, ENGINE CLEANERS
774. 		LABOURERS, CLOTHING, ETC.
775. 		LABOURERS, METAL, ELECTRICAL GOODS
776. 		LABOURERS, WOODWORKING
777. 		LABOURERS, FOOD, DRINK
778. 		LABOURERS, GLASS, CERAMICS
779. 		LABOURERS, CHEMICALS
780. 		LABOURERS, MANUFACTURING, N.E.C.
781. 		LABOURERS, TRANSPORT, ETC.
782. 		LABOURERS, BUILDING, N.E.C.
783. 		LABOURERS, ELECTRIC, GAS, WATER
784. 		LABOURERS, COMMERCE
785. 		LABOURERS, C.P.S.
786. 		LABOURERS, S.P.S.
787. 		LABOURERS, L.G.
788. 		OTHER LABOURERS, N.E.C.

800. 		FIRE BRIGADE MEN
801. 		POLICEMEN
802. 		PROTECTIVE SERVICE WORKERS
805. 		BOARDING HOUSE KEEPERS
806. 		HOUSEKEEPERS, ETC.
807. 		COOKS, CHEFS
808. 		MAIDS, HOUSE, HOTEL, HOSPITAL
809. 		CATERING, KITCHEN WORKERS
810. 		DOMESTIC SERVICE NORKEPS, N.E.C

815. 		WAITERS
816. 		BARTENDERS

820. 		CARETAKERS
821. 		CLEANERS

825. 		HAIRDRESSERS, BEAUTICIANS

830. 		LAUNDERERS, PRESSERS

835. 		SPORTSMEN, RELATED WORKERS

840. 		PHOTOGRAPHERS

845. 		UNDERTAKERS

850. 		ATTENDANTS, RECREATION
851. 		ATTENDANTS, HOSPITAL MEDICAL
852. 		SERVICE, RECREATION WORKERS,N.E.C.

855. 		MEMBERS, ARMED SERVICES

000. 		INADEQUATELY DESCRIBED OR NA

 

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